She returned to Jinan in May 1931 and married Pei Minglun the wealthy son of a businessman. However thirty years later at the beginning of the Cultural Revolution Jiang became active in politics and took revenge on those Jiang Qing felt had wronged her. When the Tiananmen Square protests occurred Jiang understood that the student activists were liberals rather than Maoists but Jiang Qing blamed them on Deng Xiaoping writing that "He let in all those Western ideas!"
While in prison Jiang Qing was diagnosed with throat cancer but Jiang Qing refused an operation.
Jiang Qing was most well known for playing a major role in the Cultural Revolution (1966–76) and for forming the radical political alliance known as the "Gang of Four". Before returning to prison Jiang Qing committed suicide. She went by the stage name Lan Ping (蓝苹) during her acting career and was known by various other names during her life.